9 Types of ISO standards you must know - EKI Energy Services Limited (2023)

ISO Standard Certification is a proof a product or company is responsibly operating in line with the industry best practices and management systems. This is a universal standard and is governed by an independent, non-governmental international organization with a membership of 163 national standards bodies with its Central Secretariat in Geneva, Switzerland.

ISO certification would automatically build credibility in the eyes of stakeholders, employees, managerial committees, clients and consumers.

What are the standards?

Basically, they are universal specifications for products, services and systems, to ensure quality, safety and efficiency. They are instrumental in facilitating trade and building trust.

ISO has till now has brought about 22521International Standards, covering almost every industry, from technology to food safety, service, to agriculture and healthcare. However, ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 are most generic ISO Standards, and they are applicable to most types of business and organizations. ISO International Standards impact everyone, everywhere.

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ISO 9001

This is a recognized standard for creating, implementing and maintaining a ‘Quality Management System’ for any given company. It is applicable to the industry of any size or capital. The latest and revised standard was published in 2015 and has been followed ever since.

ISO 14001

This one is a guide on what needs to be done to implement an environmental management system (EMS). It comprises of policies, processes, plans, practices and records that define the rules governing how your company interacts with the environment. ISO 14001 requirements provide a framework and guidelines for creating EMS for any organization. The world follows the standard set in 2015.

OHSAS 18001

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This standard states about what needs to be done to implement an occupational health & safety management system. It comprises of policies, processes, plans, practices, and records that define the rules about health and safety. The standards agreed on 2007 are intact and still being followed by all industries alike.

ISO 45001

This standard states about what needs to be done to implement an occupational health & safety management system. It comprises of policies, processes, plans, practices, Hazards identification and Risk Assessment and records that define the rules about health and safety. This standard was published in 2018 and is being followed by many industries.

ISO 27001

ISO 27001is an information security standard, of which the last version was published in 2013, ISO 27001 specifies a management system that is intended to bring information security under management control and gives specific requirements. Organizations that meet the requirements may be certified by an accredited certification body following successful completion of an audit.

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ISO 22000

This standard specifies requirements for a food safety management system (FSMS) to enable an organization that is directly or indirectly involved in the food chain to plan, implement, operate, maintain and update a FSMS providing products and services that are safe, in accordance with their intended use. This standard was published in 2018 and is being followed by many industries.

ISO 50001

This is a voluntary International Standard to provide organizations an internationally recognized framework to manage and improve their energy performance. This standard addresses Measurement, documentation, and reporting of energy use and consumption. It also includes design and procurement practices for energy-using equipment and other factors affecting energy performance that can be monitored and influenced by the organization. The last updating standardized in 2011.

ISO 20000

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This standard deals with delivering an effective IT Service Management of any industry or work process. This one is a vital standard especially almost every industry is IT-dependent. It effects on operations how you operate and how you communicate – it’s a fundamental element of how you do business.

ISO 31000

This is a risk management programme providing details of foundations and arrangements to implement safety and manage risks with an internationally recognized benchmark. Implementing ISO 31000 is the key to supporting an effective business, and becoming an apt guide to help organizations achieve objectives, identify opportunities and threats and allocate resources for risk treatment.

The objective of ISO is to advance, improvement and facilitate business and exchange of goods worldwide. ISO registration or ISO certification improves the credibility of the business.

FAQs

How many types of ISO standards are there? ›

As mentioned, there are roughly 22,000 ISO standards to date, covering various industries. But out of these, the three main types of ISO are: ISO 9001:2015, a standard for general organizational quality management systems (QMS), including vendor management. ISO comprises QMS standards for specific industries, too.

What are ISO 9000 and ISO 14001 standards? ›

ISO 9000 is concerned with quality management and meeting customer quality requirements, achieving control of processes, and encouraging continuous improvement while ISO 14000 is concerned with environmental management. Both standards outline a solid, traditional management approach.

What are different ISO 9000 standards? ›

The ISO 9000 family contains these standards: ISO 9001:2015: Quality Management Systems - Requirements. ISO 9000:2015: Quality Management Systems - Fundamentals and Vocabulary (definitions) ISO 9004:2018: Quality Management - Quality of an Organization - Guidance to Achieve Sustained Success (continuous improvement)

How many ISO 9000 standards are there? ›

There are seven quality management principles included in ISO 9000: Customer focus. Businesses must understand customer requirements and aim to exceed customer expectations. Organizations should measure customer satisfaction with their product or service as well.

What are the 10 clauses of ISO? ›

The 10 Clauses of ISO 45001
  • Clause 1 – Scope. Carries introductory information about ISO 45001 as a standard for an OHSMS model that: ...
  • Clause 2 & Clause 3 – Terms and Definitions. ...
  • Clause 4 – Context of the Organisation. ...
  • Clause 5 – Leadership. ...
  • Clause 6 – Planning.
Jun 9, 2022

What are common ISO standards? ›

Started in 2005, the two most popular standards are ISO 27001:2013 and 27002:2013. 27001 is management-based system, whereas 27002 is a technical document, focused on the individual and putting a code of conduct in place. Organizations can choose either standard; ISO 27001 has over 22,000 certifications worldwide.

What are ISO 9001 and 14001 quality standards? ›

The ISO 9001 addresses an entity's approach to quality. It will involve measuring quality in key areas like management responsibility, customer satisfaction, and resource management. On the other hand, ISO 14001 focuses on how well an entity can manage its environment.

What are the 8 principles of ISO 9000? ›

At the center of the ISO 9001 are eight fundamental principles of quality management.
  • Customer Focus. ...
  • Leadership. ...
  • Involvement of People. ...
  • Process Approach. ...
  • System Approach to Management. ...
  • Continual Improvement. ...
  • Factual Approach to Decision-Making. ...
  • Relationship Management.
Mar 21, 2022

What is the difference between ISO 9001 ISO 14001 and ISO 45001? ›

ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 are most widely used standards worldwide as quality management system and environment management system respectively. ISO 45001 is a recent release on occupational health and safety management system.

What are ISO 9001 standards? ›

ISO 9001 is defined as the international standard that specifies requirements for a quality management system (QMS). Organizations use the standard to demonstrate the ability to consistently provide products and services that meet customer and regulatory requirements.

What are ISO 9001 ISO standards? ›

ISO 9001 is the internationally recognized Quality Management System (QMS) standard that can benefit any size organization. Designed to be a powerful business improvement tool, ISO 9001 Quality Management certification can help you to: Continually improve, streamline operations and reduce costs.

How many ISO standards are there 2022? ›

As of April 2022, the ISO has developed over 24,261 standards, covering everything from manufactured products and technology to food safety, agriculture, and healthcare.

What are the elements of ISO 9000 standards explain in detail? ›

The ISO 9000 standards are based on three basic principles: processes affecting the quality of products and services must be documented; records of important decisions and related data must be archived; and when these first two steps are complied with, the product or service will enjoy continuing improvement.

Why is ISO 9000 so popular? ›

Manufacturing sectors have adopted ISO 9000 for three reasons: the value of the standard, the sales and marketing advantage, and company requirements. Companies appreciate how the standard can improve their business processes and reduce scrap, rework and cost.

What is ISO 9000 vs 9001? ›

ISO 9000 vs ISO 9001: Key Differences

ISO 9000 is essentially a collection of vocabulary and definitions for the entire quality management series, whereas the main purpose of ISO 9001 is for the business owner to take action toward more quality procedures.

What are the 7 principles of ISO 9001? ›

The seven principles of quality management are:
  • Engagement of people.
  • Customer focus.
  • Leadership.
  • Process approach.
  • Improvement.
  • Evidence-based decision making.
  • Relationship management.

What are the 20 requirements of ISO 9001? ›

ISO 9001 Mandatory Requirements — Documents and Records
  • Monitoring and measuring equipment calibration records.
  • Records of training, skills, experience and qualifications.
  • Product/service requirements review records.
  • Record about design and development outputs review.
  • Record about design and development inputs.
Mar 3, 2022

What is an ISO list? ›

This is a list of published standards and other deliverables of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). For a complete and up-to-date list of all the ISO standards, see the ISO catalogue. The standards are protected by copyright and most of them must be purchased.

What are the main types of standards? ›

Standards can also be classified according to their degree of formality, depending on who initiates the standardisation process.
  • Formal standards. ...
  • Informal standards. ...
  • Proprietary standards.

What are the ISO 14001 standards? ›

ISO 14001 is an internationally agreed standard that sets out the requirements for an environmental management system. It helps organizations improve their environmental performance through more efficient use of resources and reduction of waste, gaining a competitive advantage and the trust of stakeholders.

What are the ISO 14001 guidelines? ›

What are the ISO 14001 requirements?
  • Scope of the Environmental Management System. ...
  • Environmental Policy. ...
  • Evaluation of Environmental Risks and Opportunities. ...
  • Evaluation of Environmental Aspects. ...
  • Environmental Objectives and plans for achieving them. ...
  • Operational Control Procedures.
Jun 16, 2021

What are the types of ISO 14001? ›

ISO 14001 has two main categories of audits: internal and external. Audits are a key component for becoming ISO certified and you must have internal auditors, and pass the 2-stage registrar audit by an external party in order to become ISO 14001 certified.

What is ISO 9000 summary? ›

The ISO 9000 definition is a description of a quality management system. The object of the ISO 9000 family of standards is to provide organizations with the guidance and tools needed to ensure that their products and services meet external requirements and drive consistent quality improvement.

What are the 7 quality management principles of ISO 9001 of 2015? ›

7 key quality management principles—customer focus, leadership, engagement of people, process approach, improvement, evidence-based decision making and relationship management.

How many quality management principles are there in ISO 9000? ›

This document introduces seven quality management principles (QMPs). ISO 9000, ISO 9001 and related ISO quality management standards are based on these seven QMPs.

What are ISO 45001 & ISO 14001 standards? ›

ISO 14001 builds an EMS that addresses legal compliance issues and environmental aspects. OHSAS 18001/ISO 45001 manages job hazards and other Health and Safety issues.

What is the difference between ISO 9001 2015 and ISO 14001 2015? ›

There are some important differences, particularly in clause 9.1. Here, ISO 14001 deals with measuring environmental performance including issues related to compliance, whilst ISO 9001 concentrates on measuring the effectiveness of the QMS including a focus on ensuring customer satisfaction.

What is the difference between ISO 45001 & ISO 18001? ›

The main difference between the two standards is ISO 45001 takes a proactive approach that requires hazard risks to be evaluated and remedied before they cause accidents and injuries, while OHSAS 18001 takes a reactive approach that focuses solely on risks and not solutions.

What does ISO 14001 stand for? ›

ISO 14001 is a set of standards put forward by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). Its purpose is to clarify the best practices for organizations that wish to reduce their environmental footprint by adopting an effective environmental management system (EMS).

What is the latest ISO 9001 standard? ›

The current version of the ISO 9001 standard is 9001:2015.

The standard is used by organizations to demonstrate their ability to consistently provide products and services that meet customer and regulatory requirements and to demonstrate continuous improvement. Your browser can't play this video.

What is ISO 14001 quality management system? ›

Page 2. ISO 14001 is an internationally agreed standard that sets out the requirements for an environmental management system. It helps organizations improve their environmental performance through more efficient use of resources and reduction of waste, gaining a competitive advantage and the trust of stakeholders.

What is ISO 9001 mainly used for? ›

ISO 9001 is the international Standard for Quality Management. It is part of the ISO 9000 family of Quality Management Standards and is used by over 1 million businesses today. It delivers a system of continual improvement that is driven by your customers' needs.

What are the 3 types of ISO? ›

ISO 9001 is the only standard in this group eligible for certification. ISO 14001 offers direction on how to develop an effective environmental management system. And ISO 27001/27002 is an information security standard.

Who regulates ISO standards? ›

ISO is a network of the national standards bodies (NSBs) of some 164 countries (in 2012), with one member per country. Among other activities, ISO's Central Secretariat in Geneva, Switzerland, coordinates the organization and development of International Standards.

Where can I find ISO standards? ›

The only way to legally obtain a copy of an ISO standard is by purchasing it from an authorized reseller of ISO Standards. Standards-Stores partners with Techstreet (authorized reseller), and we have assembled a list of ISO standards available for purchase with links to each one.

Which ISO 9000 family standard provides the fundamentals? ›

Explanation: The ISO 9000:2015 is the standard in the ISO 9000 family that provides the fundamentals and vocabulary for quality management systems.

What are ISO 9000 2000 quality standards? ›

ISO 9000:2000 is a standard developed and published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), titled "Quality Management Systems-Fundamentals and Vocabulary". This standard is not used for certification purposes but is used as an aid to help organizations better understand ISO terms and principles.

What is ISO 9000 standards PDF? ›

ISO 9000: is a series of three International Standards for Quality Management Systems. They specify requirements and recommendations for the design and assessment of management systems. ISO 9000 is not a product standard.

What is ISO 9000 requirements and benefits? ›

Benefits to ISO 9000 Certification
  • Higher perceived quality of customer service;
  • Improved customer satisfaction;
  • Competitive edge over non-certified competitors;
  • Increased market share;
  • Greater quality awareness;
  • Improved employee morale;
  • Better documentation.
Feb 7, 2011

What is ISO 9000 and what are the benefits of it? ›

ISO 9000 is a quality management standard that presents guidelines intended to increase business efficiency and customer satisfaction. The goal of ISO 9000 is to embed a quality management system within an organization, increasing productivity, reducing unnecessary costs, and ensuring quality of processes and products.

Is ISO 9000 mandatory? ›

ISO 9001 is the only standard in the ISO 9000 series that requires a certification. ISO 9000 defines the standards for quality management and ISO 9001 maps out the requirements for meeting these standards. While many companies abide by these principles, ISO 9001 is not a legal requirement to operate a business.

What is ISO 9000 vs 9001 vs 9002? ›

ISO 9000 deals with the fundamentals of QMS, including the seven quality management principles that underlie the family of standards. ISO 9001 deals with the requirements that organizations wishing to meet the standard must fulfill. ISO 9002 is a model for quality assurance in production and installation.

Which is better ISO 9000 or Six Sigma? ›

The main difference between the two concepts is that ISO 9000 is a shell of requirements used as the basis to develop the entirety of a business' quality management system while Six Sigma is solely a set of tools and methods used to improve specific business processes.

What is the difference between ISO 9000 and QS 9000? ›

While ISO 9000 de®nes quality system requirements to control product quality, QS 9000's approach is very much prevention driven, de®ning requirements to control and improve the processes that produce products by using a wide variety of statistical concepts and tools.

What are the 4 types of standards? ›

Standards can also be classified according to their degree of formality, depending on who initiates the standardisation process.
  • Formal standards. ...
  • Informal standards. ...
  • Proprietary standards.

How many ISO health standards are there? ›

Through its portfolio of 1 400 standards focusing on health, ISO offers solutions that support the full spectrum of services needed throughout a person's life – from medical devices to health organization management, to health informatics and traditional medicines.

How many ISO standards have been created? ›

ISO published its first standard, ISO/R 1:1951 (Standard Reference Temperature for Industrial Length Measurements), in 1951. The standard is now known as ISO 1:2016. As of 2021, ISO had published more than 24,000 standards.

What are 5 examples of standards? ›

The following are illustrative examples of positive personal standards.
  • Morals. Standards of right and wrong such as the principle that you won't work for a firm that has a poor environmental record.
  • Mastery. ...
  • Self-discipline. ...
  • Work Ethic. ...
  • Work-Life Balance. ...
  • Work Quality. ...
  • Social Comparison. ...
  • Good.
Oct 7, 2020

How many standards are there? ›

ISO has till now has brought about 22521 International Standards, covering almost every industry, from technology to food safety, service, to agriculture and healthcare. However, ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 are most generic ISO Standards, and they are applicable to most types of business and organizations.

What are the types of service standards? ›

21 Customer Service Standards That Will Take You Higher
  • Speed Standards.
  • Accuracy Standards.
  • Transparency Standards.
  • Accessibility Standards.
  • Empowerment Standards.
  • Friendliness Standards.
  • Efficiency Standards.
Dec 9, 2016

What is the most popular ISO standard? ›

The most popular family of standards is ISO 9000. This is a family of fourteen quality management standards. ISO 9001:2015 details how to put a Quality Management System (QMS) in place to better prepare your organization to produce quality products and services.

What are the latest ISO standards? ›

Most Important ISO Certification for 2022

ISO 9000 standard is the most important series of standards comprising 14 quality management standards. The latest version of this standard, ISO 9001:2015, outlines how to establish an effective QMS to help your organisation deliver top-quality products and services.

What are ISO standards in healthcare? ›

ISO 14971 specifies the process for risk management of medical devices, software as a medical device (SaMD), and in vitro medical devices. The standard outlines a process for medical device manufacturers to identify hazards, evaluate the risks associated with them, and implement risk controls.

What is ISO 9000 in healthcare? ›

ISO 9000 process improvement techniques

It is an excellent way to rationalize business processes in the health care industry. ISO 9000 works on the principle that an organization defines its own quality system based on processes that work best for it.

What are the most common ISO standards manufacturing? ›

The most common ISO standards to follow for manufacturing facilities are ISO 55000, 55001, and 55002. All three of these standards require an asset management system. Such a system helps a company not only meet ISO standards but also reduces downtime and improves productivity.

What are ISO standards Why are they important? ›

ISO standards provide a strong basis for the development of national and international regulation, helping save time and reduce barriers to international trade.

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